【Experience Sharing】Common safety hazards and countermeasures at gas stations in summer
Summer is a season of continuous high temperature, rain, typhoon, thunder and other natural disasters. Frequent occurrence of various disastrous weather and unreasonable operation of people will bring unexpected and serious consequences to the safety production of gas stations.
so, how to deal with the severe weather in summer and how to do well in summer safety work of gas stations has become an important task for gas station managers.
01 Fire and explosion safety hazards
In summer, the temperature is higher, the evaporation of oil and gas in the gas station is intensified, and the concentration of oil vapor in the air is higher. At this time, the oil and gas molecules in the air can easily cause fire and explosion accidents under the open flame and static electricity.
First, check the fire-fighting equipment of the gas station to ensure that the fire alarm and fire extinguishing devices can be used normally. The person in charge of the gas station should strengthen the staff's attention to fire safety hazards, reduce the accidents caused by inertia and looseness, and strengthen the staff's learning and use of fire-fighting equipment, so that the majority of staff can master and use it proficiently. Conduct fire drills to ensure efficient response to fires and reduce personnel and property losses at gas stations.
For the customer, when the vehicle enters the gas station to refuel, the staffs should make a standardized reminder to the customer, special reminders of dangerous actions such as flameout and refueling, no smoking, no access to mobile phones, and prohibition of knocking on irons, prohibiting direct refueling of plastic pots, prohibiting refueling and unloading during strong thunder and lightning, prohibiting random movement of fire equipment and other gas station prohibitions , To ensure the standardization of operating actions.
02 Hidden dangers of staff heatstroke
When the outdoor ground temperature exceeds 40 degrees in certain areas, gas station staffs may conduct refueling operations outdoors for a long time, which may easily lead to heat stroke.
Purchase heatstroke prevention products such as watermelon, mung beans, rock sugar, tea, etc. for staffs. Allow staffs to drink iced mung bean soup and iced watermelon in a hot environment to reduce the possibility of heat stroke.
Increasing the frequency of replacement shifts allows the staffs on duty to refuel into two or three groups, reducing the time each group spends on refueling, and ensuring that staffs have sufficient time to rest and cool off.
Prepare emergency heatstroke relieving drugs in the gas station, and do the initial treatment for staffs after heatstroke, so that staffs can get back to health as soon as possible.
03 Hidden dangers of excessive electricity load
Sustained high temperature, coupled with excessive electrical load, may cause circuit aging, cause the circuit to catch fire, and cause a fire.
When the gas station opens the hood lamp, refrigerator, air conditioning and other electrical equipment, it should avoid instantaneous power transmission, and pay attention to check the changes of the voltmeter and ammeter in the distribution cabinet or distribution box. The voltage indication exceeds 380V±10%, stop opening the high-power electrical equipment immediately, and timely contact the equipment administrator or power supply department for maintenance.
After the high-power equipment is turned on or after a period of operation, you should regularly check whether the switch is burnt or the line has a burnt smell. This situation is often caused by the line overheating or the virtual connection of the line and the switch contact, and it may also be the power of the electrical equipment. If it does not match the line, if the power of the electrical equipment is too large, this phenomenon will also occur if the wire diameter is too small, and immediate measures should be taken.
04 Hidden Dangers of Heavy Rain
Continued drought and the surface is dry and hard. In the event of heavy rain, the oil tank of the gas station floats, the pipelines will be broken, and oil products will run out. Larger ones may cause the gas station to be flooded or washed away, causing huge losses.
When the rainy season is approaching, make a comprehensive inspection of the gas station drainage and rain protection system in advance. Including whether the sewer is smooth; whether the water intake is reasonable, whether rainwater can be quickly caused to the sewer opening after heavy rainfall; rainproof equipment that is prone to failure after rainwater, rain protection device inspection for damage, etc.
After the heavy rainfall, check the normal use of the generator room, fuel dispenser, computer control and other equipment and facilities. Check the outdoor fire extinguisher to ensure that the protective cover is intact to prevent damage to the tank or nozzle due to long-term wetness and exposure. Wipe and clean water in the tank wells, tank farms and gas station entrances and exits in time to create a good service environment for customers!
05 Thunder and lightning safety hazards
There is no anti-lightning and anti-static detection and anti-static jumper, no electrostatic grounding wire or electrostatic grounding wire is not easy to use. When encountering thunder and lightning, the accumulated oil molecules can instantly explode, causing huge losses.
Regularly check the grounding condition of electrical equipment. If the copper wires and screw fastening points are rusty, it will cause poor conductivity. Once the electrical equipment leaks, it will seriously endanger personal safety. It should be removed, cleaned of rust or copper rust, reinstalled, and then painted Butter or grease to prevent re-rusting.
Timely check whether there is friction between the overhead line of the gas station and the surrounding buildings or lines to prevent leakage of the damaged insulation protection layer, causing live or short circuits between the surrounding buildings, and electric shock accidents.